TYPECASTING: ON THE ARTS AND SCIENCES OF HUMAN INEQUALITY
Ewen, E. and Ewen, S. (2006). Typecasting. New York: Seven Stories Press.
Relation to research:
Focuses on racial and social hierarchy - its origins
Mentions eugenics - something that relates to control (order)
(Reading still in progress)
I found Ewen's insight on stereotype something to take into consideration for my design work quote:
"stereotypes provide people with narratives, stories that encouraged them without reflection, to see certain things, certain people, in predetermined ways, regardless of countervailling evidence. We are told about the world before we see it. We imagine most things before we experience them. And these preconceptions, unless education has made us acutely aware, govern deeply the whole process of perception."
*TAXONOMY = ORDER
Reading on the work of Johann Friederich Blumenbach on the classification of human types was laughable as his hierarchal process mainly involved skin colour. An obvious projection and eurocentric (blatant racism) quote:
"Throughout Blumenbach's work work, colour remained the most palpable index of decay... According to Blumenbach's rendition of the Fall, all of these inferior varieties were created by the build-up of carbon in the skin, producing an "unnatural and diseased colour" the deleterious result of overexposure to the elements"
Wild. (side note: make sure to google when melanin was discovered and also how white skin is actually the most prone to skin related illness due to lack of melanin....)
Eugenics: Based on the studies of Galton
His essentialist method of picking merely 9 stereotypes of criminals is completely inadequate research as the clearly cannot represent a whole group of criminals. Above that, the theory is completely based on appearances ? There is little to no consideration of environmental, social and political factors that enable crime.